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常用试剂配制小常识——你知道吗?
发布时间:2018-11-19   点击次数:341次

1、NAZHONGNONGDUDEJIUJINGXIAODUXIAOGUOHAO?

75%JIUJINGSHAJUNLIQIANG,TANENGSHIDANBAIZHITUOSHUIHEBIANXING,ZAI3~5FENZHONGNEISHASIXIJUN。YINCI,TAYONGYUXIAODUHEFANGFU,SHIYONGYUPIFUHEQIXIE、SULIAOZHIPINDENGDEXIAODU。GAONONGDUDEJIUJING(95~100%)NENGYINQIJUNTIBIAOCENGDANBAIZHININGGU,XINGCHENGBAOHUCENG,SHIJIUJINGFENZIBUYITOURU,YINCISHAJUNNENGLIFANERRUO。

2、SHIJIDEDENGJIYOUNAXIE?

根据化学试剂的纯度,按杂质含量的多少可分为四级:
一级试剂为纯试剂,通常用G·R表示;
二级试剂为分析纯试剂,通常用A·R表示;
三级试剂为化学纯试剂,通常用C·R表示;
四级试剂为实验或工业试剂,通常用L·R表示。
彩搜网此外,根据特殊的工作目的,还有一些特殊的纯度标准,例如光谱纯、荧光纯、半导体纯等。使用时应按不同的实验要求,选用不同规格的试剂。

 


3、固体试剂的溶解知多少?

JIAODADEGUTIKELIRONGJIEQIAN,YINGGAIXIANFENSUIGUTI。GUTIDEFENSUISHIZAIXIJINGHEGANZAODEYANBOZHONGJINXINGDE。YANBOZHONGSUOSHENGGUTIDELIANGBUYAOCHAOGUOYANBOZONGRONGLIANGDESANFENZHIYI。RONGJIEGUTISHI,CHANGYONGJIAOBAN,JIAREDENGFANGFALAIJIAKUAIRONGJIESUDU。

彩搜网JIAOBANYETIYINGSHOUCHIJIAOBANBANGBINGZHUANDONGSHOUWAN,ZHUANDONGSUDUBUYAOTAIKUAI,YEBUYAOSHIJIAOBANBANGPENGZAIQIBISHANG。JIAOBANSHIGUANZHONGDEYETISHI,JIAOBANBANGKEYIZHUANDONG,YEKEQINGQINGSHANGXIAJIAODONG,DANBUYAOYONGLIGUODA,YIMIANJIANGSHIGUANNONGPO。HAIKEYONGZHENDANGSHIGUANDEFANGFADAITIJIAOBAN。

JIAREYIJIASUGUTIRONGJIEDEFANGFAYUJIAREYETISHIXIANGTONG,JIYIBANYOUZHIJIEJIAREFANGFAHESHUIYUJIAREFANGFADENG。YAOSHIBEIJIAREWUZHIDEWENDINGXING,ERXUANYONGBUTONGDEJIAREFANGFA。LINGWAIHAIYAOZHUYIZAIRONGQISHANGGAIBIAOMIANMIN,YIFANGZHIYETIZHENGFA。

4、XIAMIANZHEIXIENIZHUYILEMA?

彩搜网CHENGLIANGSHIJIDETIANPINGYINGBAOCHIQINGJIE、GANZAO,BIMIANCHAOSHIJIFUSHIXINGQITIDEQINSHI。ZAIJINXINGCHENGLIANGCAOZUOSHI,BEICHENGQUDESHIJIYINGZHIYUCHENGLIANGZHISHANGHUOQITAQIMINNEI,BUKEZAIPANZHONGZHIJIECHENGLIANG。

彩搜网ZAIPEIZHIQIANGSUAN、QIANGJIANRONGYEHUOJIECHUYOUDUXINGYAOWUSHI,YINGYANGEANCAOZUOGUICHENGJINXING。RUXISHILIUSUANSHI,YINGJINSHENDEJIANGNONGLIUSUANHUANHUANQINGZHUSHUIZHONG,QIEBUKEBASHUIDAORUNONGLIUSUANZHONG。

ZAIPEIZHIYAOWURONGYESHI,MOUZHONGDONGWUZHURUYAOYEDEDARONGLIANGJUEDINGSUOPEIYAOWURONGYEDENONGDU。RUJINGMAIZHUSHEYAOYERONGLIANGGUODA,KEYINGXIANGQIXUNHUANXITONGDEZHENGCHANGGONGNENG。GUJINGMAIZHUSHERONGLIANGzuiHAOZAITIZHONGDE1/100YIXIA;JINGMAIWAI(PIXIA、JIROUJIFUQIANG)ZHUSHERONGLIANGzuiHAOZAITIZHONGDE1/40YIXIA;YINCI,KEGENJUDONGWUDETIZHONG,XUANZESUOPEIYAOWURONGYEDESHIDANGNONGDU。

ZAIPEIZHIYAOWURONGYESHI,YINGKAOLVDAOSHIYANDONGWUNEIHUANJINGDEWENDINGXINGYIJIDONGWULITIQIGUANHUOZUZHIZAISHIYANTIAOJIANXIADEZHENGCHANGGONGNENG。YINGLIQIUDADAOYUXUEYEJITIYECHENGDENGSHENYUDENGZHANGYIJIDENGpHZHIHELIZIPINGHENGZHUANGTAI,YINGSHIYONGSHENGLIYANSHUIPEIZHI(WENXUEDONGWUYONG0.9%NaCl,LENGXUEDONGWUYONG0.6%NaCl)。LITIQIGUANGUANLIUYEHUOYINGYANGYEYINYONGLIANGDA,YINGYANGEJISUANSHENTOUYA、pHZHIYUGEZHONGLIZINONGDU,YOUSHIHAIYAOKAOLVYINGYANGCHENGFENRUPUTAOTANGDEHANLIANGDENG,GENJUDONGWULITIQIGUANDEBUTONGERSHIYONGBUTONGDESHENGLIRONGYE。

彩搜网5、CHANGYONGDEKANGNINGJIYOUNAXIE?

GANSU(Heparin)

GANSUDEKANGNINGXUEZUOYONGHENQIANG,CHANGYONGLAIZUOWEIQUANSHENKANGNINGJI,TEBIESHIZAIJINXINGWEIXUNHUANFANGMIANDONGWUSHIYANSHIDEGANSUYINGYONGGENGYOUZHONGYAOYIYI。CHUNDEGANSU10mgNENGKANGNING100mlXUEYE(AN1mgDENGYU100GEGUOJIDANWEI,10GEGUOJIDANWEINENGKANGNING1mlXUEYEJI)。RUGUOGANSUDECHUNDUBUGAO,HUOGUOQI,SUOYONGDEJILIANGYINGZENGDA2~3BEI。YONGYUSHIGUANNEIKANGNINGSHI,YIBANKEPEICHENG1%GANSUSHENGLIYANSHUIRONGYE,QU0.1mlJIARUSHIGUANNEI,JIARE80℃HONGGAN,MEIGUANNENGSHI5~10mlXUEYEBUNINGGU。

ZUOQUANSHENKANGNINGSHI,YIBANJILIANGWEI:DASHU2.5~3mg·(200~300gTIZHONG)-1,TUHUOMAO10mg·kg-1,GOU5~10mg·kg-1。RUGUOGANSUDECHUNDUBUGAO,HUOGUOQI,SUOYONGDEJILIANGYINGZENGDA2~3BEI。

CAOSUANYANHEJI

配方:草酸铵 1.2g
     草酸钾 0.8g
     福尔马林 1.0ml
     蒸馏水加至 100ml
彩搜网     配成2%溶液,每1ml血加草酸盐2mg(相当于草酸铵1.2mg,草酸钾0.8mg)。用前根据取血量将计算好的量加入玻璃容器内烤干备用。如取0.5ml于试管中,烘干后每管可使5ml血不凝固。此抗凝剂量适于作红细胞比容测定。能使血凝过程中所必须的钙离子沉淀达到抗凝的目的。

GOUYUANSUANNA

彩搜网CHANGPEICHENG3%~8%SHUIRONGYE,YEKEZHIJIEYONGFENJI。

GOUYUANSUANNAKESHIGAISHIQUHUOXING,GUNENGFANGZHIXUENING。DANQIKANGNINGZUOYONGJIAOCHA,QIJIANXINGJIAOQIANG,BUSHIZUOHUAXUEJIANYANZHIYONG。YIBANYONG1:9(JI1FENRONGYE,9FENXUE)YONGYUHONGXIBAOCHENJIANGHEDONGWUJIXINGXUEYASHIYAN(YONGYULIANJIEXUEYAJISHIDEKANGNING)。BUTONGDONGWU,QINONGDUYEBUTONG:GOUWEI6%,MAOWEI2%+LIUSUANNA25%,TUWEI5%。

CAOSUANJIA

MEI1mlXUEXUJIA1-2mgCAOSUANJIA。RUPEIZHI10%SHUIRONGYE,MEIGUANJIA0.1mlZEKESHI5-10mlXUEYEBUNINGGU。

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